Credit: Jessica Knuth

Penn State Faculty Trading Cards

Dr. Akhlesh Lakhtakia

Evan Pugh University Professor

Professor, Graduate Program in Materials

Mailing Address
212 Earth-Engineering Sciences Building
Department of Engineering Science and Mechanics
Penn State University
University Park, PA 16802-6812, USA

(814) 863 4319

(814) 865 9974

akhlesh at

Short Bio (pdf): October 27, 2022

CV (pdf): October 27, 2022

Education, Awards, Research Interests, Publications, Etc.

Series Editor, Electromagnetics and Metamaterials

Series Editor, Synthesis Lectures on Electromagnetics

Series Editor, Nanophotonics

Bioreplication: Emerald Ash Borer

How to fool males

Journal of Bionic Engineering (2013) Fabrication of Polymeric Visual Decoys for the Male Emerald Ash Borer (Agrilus planipennis)

Journal of Bionic Engineering (2015) Simpler Mass Production of Polymeric Visual Decoys for the Male Emerald Ash Borer (Agrilus planipennis)

National Geographic

Total Landscape Care

Penn State Live






J.A. Polo, Jr., T.G. Mackay & A. Lakhtakia, Electromagnetic Surface Waves: A Modern Perspective, Waltham, MA: Elsevier (2013); 292 pages; ISBN: 978-0123-97024-4.

A. Lakhtakia & R.J. Martín-Palma (Editors), Engineered Biomimicry, Amsterdam, The Netherlands: Elsevier (2013); 496 pages; ISBN: 978-0-124-15995-2.

M. Faryad & A. Lakhtakia, Infinite-Space Dyadic Green Functions in Electromagnetism, San Rafael, CA: Morgan & Claypool; Bristol, United Kingdom: IoP Science (2018); xii+152 pages; ISBN: 978-1-6817-4557-2 and 978-1-6817-4556-5.

T.G. Mackay & A. Lakhtakia, Electromagnetic Anisotropy and Bianisotropy: A Field Guide, 2nd Edition, Singapore: World Scientific Publishing Co. (2019); 288 pages; ISBN: 978-981-120-313-8 and 978-981-120-315-2

T.G. Mackay & A. Lakhtakia, Modern Analytical Electromagnetic Homogenization with Mathematica (2nd Edition) Bristol, United Kingdom: IoP Science (2020); xiv+188 pages; ISBN: 978-0-7503-3423-5 and 978-0-7503-3421-1.

T.G. Mackay & A. Lakhtakia, The Transfer-Matrix Method in Electromagnetics and Optics, San Rafael, CA: Morgan & Claypool (2020); 136 pages; ISBN: 978-168-173- 792-8, 978-168-173-793-5 and 978-168-173-794-2.

T.A. Lenau & A. Lakhtakia, Biologically Inspired Design: A Primer, San Rafael, CA: Morgan & Claypool (2021); xv+95 pages; ISBN: 978-1-63639-047-5, 978-1-63639-048- 2, and 978-1-63639-049-9.

F. Ahmad, A. Lakhtakia & P.B. Monk, Theory of Graded-Bandgap Thin-Film Solar Cells, San Rafael, CA: Morgan & Claypool (2021); xxii+118 pages; ISBN: 978-1-63639- 216-5, 978-1-63639-217-2, and 978-1-63639-218-9.

A. Lakhtakia and J.A. Todd Controlled chaos for photonics innovation, SPIE Professional (January 2013). Alternatively, press here.

Fingermark Development

PBS Nova Program (2012) Video

Nano-resurfacing of Bones

Penn State Live

Eureka Alert


Health Canal

Medical News Today

Medical Xpress



Science Daily

Bioinspired Waveplates

Nature Communications (2011) Biologically inspired achromatic waveplates for visible light

Video: Mejorar la calidad técnica de la tecnología de discos ópticos gracias a los ojos de un crustáceo

Penn State Live and Picture

Asian Scientist

Eureka Alert


OSA Optics and Photonics News

US News & World Report

Mass Replication of Biotemplates

Bioinspiration & Biomimetics (2010) Corneas of insects and Lab Talk

CNN Interview (2010): Video and Transcript

Penn State Live and Picture Album

Materials Research Institute

A to Z of Materials

Daily Tech

Discovery News

El Mundo

Forced Green

Physics World

Servicio de Información y Noticias Cientificas

Smart Planet ; also see a video of Pres. Obama catching a fly

Wired Science

Fingermark Development

Journal of Forensic Sciences 2011

Journal of Nanophotonics 2011

Penn State Live

Video: New forensic fingerprinting approach retrieves elusive prints

Video: WJAC-TV Johnstown, PA (Newsitem)

Forensic Magazine

Police Professional

Medical News Today


Top-10 Most Cited Papers (2009-2010)

The following two papers were rated third and tenth in the list of the top-10 most cited papers published in the international journal Bioinspiration & Biomimetics during the period 2009-2010.

3. A. Lakhtakia, R.J. Martín-Palma, M.A. Motyka, and C.G. Pantano, Fabrication of free-standing replicas of fragile, laminar, chitinous biotemplates Bioinspiration & Biomimetics, 4:034001, 2009.

10. F. Chiadini, V. Fiumara, A. Scaglione, and A. Lakhtakia, Simulation and analysis of prismatic bioinspired compound lenses for solar cells Bioinspiration & Biomimetics, 5:026002, 2010.

Top-10 Most Cited Papers (2009)

The following paper was rated third in the list of the top-10 most cited papers published in the Proceedings A of the Royal Society in 2009.

3. J. A. Polo Jr. and A. Lakhtakia, On the surface plasmon polariton wave at the planar interface of a metal and a chiral sculptured thin film Proc. R. Soc. Lond. A, 465:87-107, 2009.

Top-10 Most Cited Papers (2009)

The following paper was rated second in the list of the top-10 most cited papers published in the Journal of Modern Optics in 2009.

2. J. Han and A. Lakhtakia, Semiconductor split-ring resonators for thermally tunable terahertz metamaterials J. Modern Opt., 56:554-557, 2009.

Top-10 Most Cited Papers (2008-2010)

The following two papers were rated first and third in the list of the top-10 most cited papers published in the international journal Electromagnetics during the period 2008-2010.

1. I. Abdulhalim, M. Zourob, and A. Lakhtakia, Surface plasmon resonance for biosensing: A mini-review Electromagnetics, 28:214-242, 2008.

3. S.R. Nelatury, J.A. Polo Jr., and A. Lakhtakia, Electrical control of surface-wave propagation at the planar interface of a linear electro-optic material and an isotropic dielectric material Electromagnetics, 28:162-174, 2008.

Top-10 Most Cited Papers (2007-2009)

Earlier, these papers had been rated first and fourth, respectively, in the list of the top-10 most cited papers published in the same journal during the period 2007-2009.

Multiple Surface-Plasmon-Polariton Waves

Journal of Nanophotonics Sculptured nematic thin films

Electronics Letters Chiral sculptured thin films

Penn State Live

Nanotechnology Now

Nanowerk Spotlight and Nanowerk News

Sensors Insights

SPIE Newsroom

Voice of Progress

Replication of Biotemplates

Nanotechnology (2008) Eyes of flies

Applied Physics Letters (2008) Wings of butterflies

Bioinspiration and Biomimetics (2009) Wings of butterflies

Optics and Photonics News (2011) Insect eyes and solar cells

Penn State Live and Picture Album

Research at Penn State and 2008 Annual Report of Research Activity

Electronics For You (2011)

Video and Servicio de Información y Noticias Cientificas; English translation

Interview on Radio Murcia

Ceramic Industry


BioOptics World

Laser Focus World

MRS Materials News and MRS Bulletin

Nanowerk Spotlight and

SPIE Newsroom

Mediums with Negative Phase Velocity

The following overview paper is available: A. Lakhtakia, M.W. McCall, W.S. Weiglhofer, J. Gerardin and J. Wang, 'On mediums with negative phase velocity: a brief overview,' Proc. SPIE 4806 (July 7-11, 2002). Download Preprint physics/0205027
Negative phase velocity in outer space: T.G. Mackay and A. Lakhtakia, 'Negative refraction in outer space?,' Current Science, 86, 2004, 1593. Download Preprint physics/0405103
Negative refraction by vacuum: A. Lakhtakia and T.G. Mackay, 'Negative refraction of light by vacuum,' August 2004. Download Preprint physics/0408021

  • Articles and Press Releases on Negative Refraction (August 2004--)

  • Article in New Scientist
    Illusions of a starry, starry night

  • Article in IEEE Spectrum
    Could simple mixed materials make flat lenses cheap?
  • Negative-Real Refractive Index of Silver Columnar Thin Films

    Optics Express (2009) Vapor-deposited thin films with negative real refractive index in the visible regime

    Journal of Vacuum Science and Technology A (2010) Negative real parts of the equivalent permittivity, permeability, and refractive index of sculptured-nanorod arrays of silver

    Physics World

    Optical Futures

    Technology Review (MIT)

    Voice of Progress

    Summary of a July 2004 report from the Royal Society and the Royal Academy of Engineering: Nanoscience and Nanotechnologies: Opportunities and Challenges

    Quicktime video (Research Unplugged; Nov. 10, 2004): Nanotechnology: Issues and Obstacles

    Whither Nanotechnology? (Oct 27, 2005):

    Just-in-time Education Proposal:

  • Taking Nanotechnology to Schools
  • PowerPoint Presentation
  • Priming Pre-University Education for Nanotechnology
  • Article in April 2006 Issue of ASEE's Prism Magazine
  • Remarks on informal science education (Dec. 5, 2008; 2008 NSF Nanoscale Science and Engineering Grantees Conference)

  • Nano 50 Award (2005) for Sculptured Thin Films (Technology)

    Nano 50 Award (2006) for Akhlesh Lakhtakia (Innovator)

  • Meet Metamaterials
  • Sculptured Thin Films

    Nano 50 Award (2005) for Sculptured Thin Films

    A succinct account of the development of Sculptured Thin Films, spanning the years 1959 to 1997, is available in the following review:

    A. Lakhtakia, 'Dali's dalliances: sculptured thin films,' Proceedings of Bianisotropics '97, Glasgow, June 5 - 7, 1997.

    postscript file

    A review of Sculptured Thin Films, spanning the years 1998 to 2000, is also available:

    A. Lakhtakia, 'Filamentary, my dear Watson!,' Proceedings of Bianisotropics 2000, Lisbon, September 27 - 29, 2000.

    postscript file

    New directions in research on sculptured thin films (2006):

    A. Lakhtakia, Presentation at Instituto de Investigaciones en Materiales, UNAM, Mexico City, May 26, 2006


    February 2007

    Journal of Nanophotonics launched.

    Publisher: SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering

    The Journal of Nanophotonics is covered in the following Thomson Reuters databases, beginning with Volume 1 (2007): Science Citation Index Expanded, including the Web of Science; Current Contents/Physical, Chemical & Earth Sciences; and Current Contents/Engineering, Computing & Technology.

    2009 2-Year Impact Factor = 1.256

    2010 2-Year Impact Factor = 1.854

    March 2008
    Taylor and Francis' Electromagnetics
    Special Issue on Surface Waves and Complex Mediums (Vol. 28, No. 3)
    Guest Editors: John A. Polo Jr. and Akhlesh Lakhtakia

    August 2005
    IoP's New Journal of Physics
    Focus on Negative Refraction
    Guest Editors: Akhlesh Lakhtakia and Martin McCall

    July 2005
    Taylor and Francis' Electromagnetics
    Special Issue on Exotic Electromagnetics (Vol. 25, No. 5)
    Guest Editor: Akhlesh Lakhtakia
    James Clerk Maxwell

    Updated on: October 27, 2022. Designer: Natalya S. Lakhtakia